The Academics in Politics present a correction for the following exam question: France’s diplomatic power in the world from 1958 to 2007.
The exam question was expected, and you should be very happy if you trusted the predictions of the Academics in Politics team.
Indeed, we indicated a typical question:“France and the construction of Europe between 1958 and 1974″, and gave the maximum probability respectively to: “The Fifth Republic, de Gaulle and Pompidou 1958 to 1974 “and” The
Fifth Republic since 1974″.
Definitions of terms: France’s diplomatic power in the world from 1958 to
2007 Power: the word power is often used in history subjects. It is important to see all the issues at stake. In this case, two definitions, one general, one more precise, could be identified.
First definition: In a general case, power is the faculty to produce an effect, and the force which results from it.
Second definition: From a political point of view, power concerns the sovereign State, considered from the point of view of its resources, its military and diplomatic potential.
Diplomacy: Science and practice of political relations between states, and particularly of the representation of a country’s interests abroad, in the form of the representation of a country’s interests abroad, in this case at the international level.
Boundaries: The diplomatic power of France
in the world from 1958 to 2007
framework is well delimited in the question.
1958 → constitution of the Fifth Republic in
2007 → end of Chirac’s term; Sarkozy elected president
Lisbon Treaty signed in December.
The geographical areas are also well delimited: France, in an international framework.
Context: the diplomatic power of France in the world from
1958 to 2007
the introduction, it was good to briefly mention the context of France in
France in 1958, and a little before. A focus on the Suez crisis in 1956, which clearly tested France’s diplomatic power, was a good diplomatic power, was an excellent introduction.
As a reminder, France came out of the conflict of the Second World War weakened, especially
conflict, especially politically. Although it had obtained a veto right at the United Nations thanks to the power of its empire, and the role it played in the League of Nations, France has considerably lost its diplomatic influence after 1945. It was notably discredited within its Empire, and it did not participate in the end did not participate in the Yalta and Potsdam conferences.
De Gaulle tried as best he could to rebuild the diplomatic power of France until 1958.
Exam question: France’s diplomatic power in the world from 1958 to 2007
1958 to 2007 Why
is this question being asked. What are the stakes underlying this subject, what is the real problem?
The real problem here is France’s attempt to make its voice heard when it has lost all the prestige it had from the 17th century onwards, and its place as the world’s leading power. Here is a question that pinpoints the problem.
How has France, from the policy of grandeur led by de Gaulle from 1958 to the attempts to gather in a European Union in 2007, tried to restore its diplomatic power against the influence of hegemonic tendencies of the new world powers?
Plan: France’s diplomatic power in the world from
1958 to 2007 The
terminals, 1958 to 2007, France in the world, lent themselves well to a three-part plan, capable of covering a long period of time and allowing them to address all the issues of the question. Your outline should look like this:
I. The politics of greatness (1958–1974)
II. France dependent on the bipolar world confrontation (1974–1991)
III. France in the face of globalization (1992–2007)
Development: France’s diplomatic power in the world from 1958 to 2007
. The policy of greatness (1958–1974)
The main idea is the
policy of independence that de Gaulle intended to pursue. The division of the subsections was more manageable. It was simply important to address all the stakes of the French diplomatic power.
From 1958 to 1962, it was the end of the French Empire. The Constitution of 1958 already gave the right to many African colonies to acquire independence. The Evian Treaty in 1962 put an end to the Algerian War, in which France’s role had been widely criticized abroad.
De Gaulle established diplomatic relations with Communist China on January 27, 1964, to show France’s independence from the United States, which did not recognize Communist China.
For a “Europe of Nations”, de Gaulle slowed down the construction of Europe, which tended towards a supranational Europe: empty chair policy in 1965, veto in 1963 and 1968 on the entry of the United Kingdom into the Common Market, accused of being a “Trojan horse” of the United States.
In the military field, France acquired its own nuclear weapon, always to be more independent: bomb A in 1960, bomb H in 1968.
Charles de Gaulle announced France’s withdrawal from the integrated command of NATO on February 21, 1966.
II. France dependent on the bipolar world confrontation
In 1973, the oil crisis showed that France was dependent on the world
economy. In 1979, this influence was confirmed by the second oil shock.
It is only from 1986 that the French economy
Georges Pompidou continued the work of General de Gaulle (nuclear weapons nuclear weapon, the balance of the Two Great) but he lifts the French veto concerning the entry of the United Kingdom in the EEC (1972 with.
Denmark and Ireland)
It is rather the USSR and the United States that occupy the international scene. During this period 1974–1991, France ceased to want to be a “super-giant”, and instead worked on the construction of the European Union.
In 1979, the first European elections were held. Single European Act in
III. France in the face of globalization (1992–2007)
On September 20, 1992, the referendum on Maastricht was held. On May 29, 2005, the “no” vote won a referendum on the European Constitution, while in December 2007 the Lisbon Treaty was signed.
In 1998, France won the World Cup, it lost it in 2006.
From 1995, the Juppé government under Jacques Chirac wants to reintegrate France into the NATO command. The Jospin government after 1997,
during the cohabitation, interrupted the negotiations.
The reintegration of France into the integrated command of NATO was the question of a declaration
Nicolas Sarkozy made a statement to Congress in Washington on November 7, 2007.
In 2003, France opposed the war in Iraq on February 14, 2003, in a speech by Dominique de Villepin.
France is finally seeking to renew more intimate relations with its former colonies, especially on the African continent.
Give your thoughts or outlines on this 2014 history question in the comments below.
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