History sheet I. 3. Religion, culture and arts

I. The industrial age and civilization (mid-19th century to

3. Religion, culture and arts

Pape Pie XI
Pope Pius XI

Religion (mid
19th – 1939)

– extension of religions and in particular of Christianity (Christianity
discovering the world, idea of secularism, Judaism, Islam, religions
of Asia)
– catholicism (popes Pius IX, Louis XIII, Pius X, Benedict XV, Pius XI,
concordats with Italy and Germany, Lateran pact in 1929)
– islam (modernization or fundamentalist currents)

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein

→ Arts and science (mid-19th century – 1939)
– positivism (rise from 1880, decline from 1890),
psychoanalysis (Freud)
– scientific advances (theory of relativity, wave mechanics
wave mechanics, principle of indeterminacy, structure of matter,
– new paintings (impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism
cubism, abstract, expressionism)
– feeling of failure resulting from the First World War (Dadaism,
contestation, abstract painting)
– architectural revival
Culture (mid-19th –1939)
– print media (news agencies, tabloids, comics, daily and
– media (radio, cinema)
– leisure and sports (soccer, cycling, rock music, pop)
– ideologies (socialist realism, fascism, futurism, degenerate art and
german art)

Tableau futuriste de Giacomo Balla
Futurist painting by Giacomo Balla

Consult all the cards on the
world from the 19th century to the present day <&lt