– tehran conference in 1943
→ The post-World War II conferences
—Yalta conference from February 4 to 11, 1945 (it brought together Joseph Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill. It led to the division of Germany into 4 zones, the entry of the USSR into the war against Japan, and the creation of the UN).
—Potsdam conference from July 17 to August 2, 1945 (it brought together Joseph Stalin, Truman and Attlee – who replaced Churchill – and led to the 3 Ds: decartelization, demilitarization, and denazification)
→ Territorial upheavals
—Germany: loses a quarter of its territories (returns to its 1937 territories), and the Oder-Neisse line is the border with Poland. Germany is divided into 4 zones.
—USSR: regains its territories
—significant population flows, particularly to Germany
→ The Nuremberg trials
—the Nuremberg trials judged 24 people between November 1945 and October 1946
—for crimes against peace, war crimes (not having respected the rules of war), and crimes against humanity (massacres of unarmed populations)
– Twelve were sentenced to death.
→ 20 contemporary history cards (1945–2017)