Is it enough to have the choice to be free?

The BAC 2014 begins like other years with philosophy. The Intégrer Sciences Po team offers you the beginning of the answers to the philosophy subjects that were given in the ES series.

Definition of the terms of the subject:

Is it enough: This expression can be understood by the model: “does this simple condition X allow Y?”

choice: power, faculty of discerning and leaning towards something
rather than another

free: 1. who has the disposition of his person, who is free from subjection. 2. Who can determine in all independence his acts, his conduct, and, in particular, who can operate a choice without undergoing the influence of a preliminary determination. (Dictionary of the French Academy)

These notions are however to be deepened and refined throughout the assignment. It is only a question here of giving a usual definition, which must be confronted with those of free will, independence and capacity.


problem raised by the subject of the assignment is that of freedom as a choice. Is choice the very essence of freedom, or does freedom
or does freedom cover a wider range? Is freedom “having a choice”, or is it defined differently?

Anselm – The existence of free will (correction)

All the answers for the 2014 BAC