Can we act morally without being interested in politics? (correction)

One of the subjects of the baccalaureate of philosophy in series S was about the question:
Can one act morally without being interested in politics?

Analysis of the subject :

Can we : calls for a dialectical plan.
To act : Power proper to the man to transform what is, to express itself by
Morally : what is morality ? It is a vast debate and it will be necessary
necessarily have to study all the possible definitions of morality during the course of the
the essay.
To be interested: To meddle (in a matter), to intervene. If we go so far as to
if one goes so far as to understand to be interested as to intervene, there is already an action;
Politics: There too it is a vague notion it is necessary throughout the
dissertation to try to define it better; generally: Relating to the affairs
of the State and their conduct.

Problematic of the subject:

It is necessary to find the problem which is posed by the subject. Why is the question being asked?

The formulation of the subject leaves a presupposition, that one can only act morally by being interested in politics. And it would be a question of verifying this proposition.

When one makes politics, does one necessarily have to ignore morality? Can or is politics forced to emancipate itself from morality? On the contrary, wouldn’t politics allow
to act morally?

Plan of the subject :

I. Turning away from politics allows to act more morally

– The Epicureans recommended not to enter political life, to turn away from it. To act morally could only be done by turning away from politics.

– Machiavelli affirms the autonomy of Politics against ethics, by being conscious of its moral ends. The morality of duty is outdated. The
political seeks means that are indifferent to morality. If politics is not moral, turning away from politics can only allow one to act more morally.

II. However, one must necessarily be interested in politics

– “Man is a political animal,” explains Aristotle. But what is in man’s nature can be moral. So to be interested in politics, which is in the nature of man, must be moral.

– It would even be immoral not to be interested in politics. Sartre in Situations II declares:“A man does not exist in the
manner of the tree or the stone: it is necessary that he makes himself worker (…): he is engaged, it is necessary to bet, and the abstention is a choice. Totally
engaged and totally free
” The man thus engaged could act morally only by being interested in the politics

III. To act morally is to choose a policy

– To act morally, cannot be considered by the goal which must be reached, i.e. it is not the policy as goal, but the maxim which makes act: “An action accomplished by duty draws its moral value not from the goal which must be reached by it, but from the maxim according to which it is decided” Kant

– To act morally is possible if one follows this conduct: “Act only according to the maxim which makes you want
that it becomes a universal law” (Kant) and it is clear that the idea of a “universal law”, is like a proper policy. So to act morally is to act according to one’s moral politics.

→ All the other answers and topics of the bac philo 2013
Does work allow for self-awareness?
Answer key to the commentary on the extract from Henri Bergson’s Thought and Motion