This question notably fell in the philosophy test of the 2015 French baccalaureate. See all the exam questions of the 2015 French baccalaureate.
The formulation of the question, “Does the artist give something to understand?” is very similar to the following question: “Does a work of art always have a meaning?”We therefore recommend the correction.
You can use the same logic of the plan, the same hooks.
Here are a few more things to fuel your development:
You could add to this correction the idea that the artist gives something to understand, but that this thing is deceptive. This is Plato’s criticism: “Imitation is therefore far from the truth,” he says in The Republic, including under the concept of imitation of the artistic production in general.
For Schopenhauer, the artist gives much more than nature can express, in this sense the artist gives something more to understand: “We all know how to recognize human beauty, when we see it; but the true artist knows how to recognize it with such clarity that he shows it as he has never seen it; his creation surpasses nature,” writes Schopenhauer in The World as Will and as Representation.
Hegel, in the same sense, makes me see the immensity of the possible which emerges from the spirit of the artist: “the man, in that he creates artistically, is a whole world of contents“.
For Rodin, the artist sees “the inner truths under the appearances”.
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