Integrating Sciences Po offers you a series of 4 exclusive courses on work!
The objective? To pass the competitive exam on work with flying colors. How can you do this? This file will provide you with all the basics, all thefundamentals, for your revision on the theme of work.
With this series of lessons, you will know all the essential points that have forged the concept of work! It will allow you to serenely deepen your knowledge on the subject of work.
Course on work
Chapter 1 – Work between myths and beliefs
he said to the woman, “I will increase the pain of your pregnancies, and you will bear children with pain, and your desires will be for your husband, but he will rule over you: Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’, the ground shall be cursed for your sake. You shall eat of it with great labor all the days of your life
Genesis, 3.16, and 3.17
Genesis gives two ideas of work: work in childbirth with suffering “you shall bring forth with pain“, and work as a necessity to support yourself: “By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread“.
Work could thus be considered as a painful task, a suffering, or in this case a divine punishment.
Work, however, brings many advantages. How then to think this relation of civilizations to work? Is work an activity of suffering, as the etymology would suggest – the tripalium is a “three-beam torture instrument” -, or rather an activity that contributes to man’s happiness and allows him to find his freedom? Wouldn’t myths and beliefs be the structures that have allowed the evolution of the consideration of work?
Work is indeed a necessary process for man as opposed to leisure and from which man seeks to free himself. Work turns out to be even more, as a means for man to accomplish himself by taming nature and to fully realize his human nature.
I. A. Work is opposed to leisure
I. B. Slavery as a means of freedom from work
A. Work allows men to survive and progress
B. The vocation to work