What are the differences between these two concepts that are on the one hand science and on the other hand technology?
To answer this question, it is first important to go back to the respective definitions of science and technique. Then we will have to understand what is the place of technique in philosophy, and the role of technique nowadays.
Definition of science:
Exact knowledge that one has of something. In particular, a system of rational or experimental knowledge about a given object.
- Definitions Science
Definition of technique:
Designates the set of procedures that one must methodically employ for an art, for research, in a trade.
The technique in philosophy:
Aristotle defines the technique as “a disposition to produce accompanied by a true rule”.
Technique is thus the set of rules defining the means to an end.
For Heidegger, modern society no longer sees in technique the rules necessary for an art, but a way of thinking of a man who wants to manage everything, to calculate.
Link and distinction between science and technique
Science is of the order of theory, contemplative, whereas theory is of the order of practice, of action.
The technique supposes knowledge, a science. The opposite is not true: science can be a pure science and never apply to technique.
Technique is the implementation of science.