Identity map of Germany, keyword descriptions of the Länder, information on rivers and streams. Very useful for all those who will take the German language test at Sciences Po!
Facts and figures about Germany:
Most populous country and 1st economic power in theEuropean Union.
Population : 82 million. 6.7 million foreigners (8.2% of the total population)
Age pyramid: 14% is under 15 years old while 20% is over 65 years old.
Urbanization : 89% of the population
Religion : 52 million Christians (50% Catholics 50% Protestants), 4 million Muslims, 235,000 Buddhists and 106,000 Jews.
Preamble of the constitution : “Im Bewusstsein seiner Verantwortung vor Gott und der Menschen
There is no state church (state religion)
The Kirchensteuer (religious tax): 10% of the Einkommensteuer
Constitution of the country : Treaty of Verdun in 843, Unification around Prussia on January 18, 1871, Reunification on October 3, 1990 (national holiday)
→ Understanding elections in Germany
→ Trends in German political parties
Geography and list of Länder: (from north to south)
Schleswig-Holstein: shipbuilding, fishing, half of the German fleet has its home port here. Main service industry, however. Cities: tourist island of Sylt, Kiel capital of the Land, Lübeck of the Hanseatic League
Hamburg : port, Airbus, Otto mail order, Nivea, oil. Elbphilharmonie project, Kunsthalle Museum, State Opera, musical
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: 2,000 lakes, numerous rivers, water sports, tourism largest source of income. Half of the area is classified as a nature reserve. Wind farms on the coast and agribusiness. Small population.
Lower Saxony: Papenburg shipyards, Volkswagen, Continental. Hannover Fair and CeBIT computer fair
Bremen : Hanseatic League, coffee, + small Land, the port employs 1/5 people.
Saxony-Anhalt: festival in honor of Georg Friedrich Händel, Martin Luther, chemistry
Brandenburg : lakes and forests, castles of the Hohenzollerns including Sanssouci, Potsdam as capital, Babelsberg city of cinema, 300 foreign companies including Ebay.
Berlin : cinema at the Berlinale, the Hohenzollerns settled there in 1458, Nazi dictatorship, Berlin Wall. Museum Island, Philharmonic, 35 universities and colleges, ITB tourism fair.
North Rhine-Westphalia: most populated state, gothic cathedral in Cologne, Bonn capital in West Germany, fashion and clothing in Düsseldorf, Aachen capital of Europe with Charlemagne, Duisburg + large river port, silk in Krefeld.
Hesse : international city Frankfurt am Main with the largest airport on the continent with Paris Charles de Gaulle, and the largest bank in Europe, busiest train station. Wiesbaden capital of Hesse. Opel and Volkswagen factories, European Space Agency (ESA)
Thuringia : mountains, forest, Wartburg castle, sausage, Goethe, Schiller, Jenoptik optical industry.
Saxony : Meissen porcelain, state capital Dresden, Leipzig fairs. Computer science, precision watchmaking, automobile, Semper Opera, music of the Thomanerchor, Bach officiated there, Richard Wagner.
Rhineland-Palatinate: Rhine valley, center of wine and sparkling wine, high technology, Gutenberg and printing in Mainz
Saarland: small state, “only” 2,570 km2, capital Saarbrücken, part of the “Greater Region” to improve cross-border relations.
Baden-Württemberg: large sales companies, Bosch, Daimler, Porsche, Boss, cooks
Bavaria : beer festival, wine, Neuschwanstein castle, Alps. Strong economy, BMW, Audi, Siemens, MAN, EADS. Munich
Geography of the main rivers and streams: Flüsse und Wasserstrassen
die Donau : 2nd longest river, 650km, source in the Black Forest, large flow
der Rhein: source in Switzerland, crosses the Lake of Constance, towards the North Sea, border between France and Germany, 860km in Germany, largest river in Germany
die Elbe: source in the Czech Republic in the Giant Mountains, crosses the Metalliferous Mountains and Dresden, Hamburg (2nd port in Europe), important floods (2002 flood of the century Schröder in Dresden), large mouth
Canals : the Mittelland Kanal connects the Oder and Rhine, the Donau Mainkanal connects the Danube and Main-Rhine.
→ Chronology of the construction of the European Union
4 thoughts on “Germany: geography and facts”
@n: Thanks for the input! And politics in Germany is a good idea for an article, maybe soon to appear on (Besides federal elections will take place next month, September 2013) Thank you again Mr. N
Otherwise the rest is just great!! Keep it up! it’s great, to help young people to work on their competition in German. Anyway errare humanum est. I haven’t looked at everything yet, but is there a political corner of Germany in the site? it could be handy for the language test. thanks again
In the rivers this time, there are gaps, we should add: – the Oder (die Oder): Its entire size is 866km but only 187km are in Germany. The main city it passes through is Frankfurt-on-the-Oder. Its source is in the Czech Republic and it acts as a border between Germany and Poland. -The Weser (die Weser): Its entire length is 744km and it notably crosses Bremen. It is born from the meeting of 2 rivers, the Werra and the Fulda. – The Ems (die Ems): Its entire length is 371km and it notably crosses Münster. – The Eider (die Eider): Its entire size is 188km. It rises south of Kiel and flows into the Baltic Sea.
A Land is missing from the list, it is Saarland (Saarland) which is the Land between Rhineland Palatinate and Moselle. Its capital is Saarbrücken (Saarbrücken) Its population is 1.1 million and its area is 2570 km2. It has an interest, that of being part of the Greater Region, or Saar-Lor-Lux region which aims to promote cross-border cooperation
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