Is property a right? Is it Just? One of the current positions is to consider property as a natural right. However, Jean-Jacques Rousseau reminds us that originally, the land belongs to all.
Property as defined in Western legal texts
The Civil Code defines property in 1804 as“the right to enjoy and dispose of things in the most absolute manner, provided that one does not make prohibited by the laws or regulations”.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UNO stipulates in article 17:
“1. everyone, whether alone or in a community with others, has the right to
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.”
II. Origins of ownsership
Jean-Jacques Rousseau shows the origine of ownership in his book Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes in 1755 :
The first person who, having enclosed a piece of land, said: this is mine and found people simple enough to believe it, was the true founder of civil society. What crimes, what wars, what murders, what miseries and horrors would not have spared the human race the one who, pulling out the stakes or filling in the ditch, would have shouted to his fellow men: Beware of listening to this impostor; you are lost, if you forget that the fruits belong to all, and that the earth belongs to no one.