Thanks to these 20 contemporary history sheets, classified in 7 main categories, you will become untouchable on the history of France but also of Europe and the world from 1945 to the present day.
These sheets are, of course, intended for all history buffs, but they have been designed more specifically for students preparing for competitive exams, from the baccalauréat to higher education, students in preparatory courses, and, of course, candidates interested in the Sciences Po exams.
In a chrono-thematic way, here are the main facts to remember, from the end of the Second World War to the middle of the 20th century, up to the 21st century.
The World, Europe and France from 1945 to 2022
before finding below the summary of the cards, here is a summary of the themes of our contemporary history.
After the Second World War, the aim was to rebuild a destroyed Europe, while building organizations strong enough to protect against a new world war.
Two powers were confronting each other, above all on the ideological level, but also on all geopolitical levels.
At the same time, a process of decolonization is taking place: the old European powers are losing their influence, and nations aspire to emancipation, and even independence.
The economic frictions take an unprecedented scale, by the more and more intensive interconnection of the state economies.
To make a place for itself in this world, France developed and then relied on the constitutional regime of theFifth Republic.
Joining forces with its European neighbors, it actively participated in the creation of the European Union.
This European Union, an organization of a nature unprecedented in history, must be put in perspective with General Europe, that is to say, with regional development outside this specific political construction.
But it is ultimately on a global scale that the new challenges of the 21st century are being played out.
I. After the Second World War, the entry into the Cold War (1945–1947)
II. The Cold War takes hold (1947–1969)
III. Decolonization and the emergence of the Third World (1945–1,990s)
B. The emergence of Third World countries
IV. Interconnected economies (1,950s–1,990s)
A. The economy in the world during the Trente Glorieuses
B. The economic crises between 1973 and 1996
V. Contemporary history of France (1945–2022)
A. France guided by General de Gaulle
B. From post-Gaullism to today
C. France in the construction of Europe
D. France’s cultural influence
E. Politics in France since 1991
VI. Contemporary history of Europe (1946–2022)
A. Construction of Western Europe
B. Eastern Europe and popular democracies
C. Evolution of the European Union since 1992
VII. Inherited and future challenges in the 21st century (1991–2022)
A. Tensions of the 21st century inherited from the Cold War
B. Challenges for the world in the early 21st century
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