You will find first The stakes of the conflict, the summary of the history of the conflict, and finally the summary of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the current situation.
To understand the origins of the current conflict, refer to our file:
→ Why the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?
In this article dedicated to the summary of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, you will find:
- Issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
- Causes of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
- Today: the summary of the recent Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Here is a summary of the current issues of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
More than 80% of the water is used by Israel, which limits the amount of water available for Palestinian consumption to 20%,” says Amnesty International. In the Jordan Valley, where 95% of the land and 98% of the water have been taken over by Israeli settlements, Palestinians are reduced to poverty or exile.”
The Turkish Prime Minister condemned Israel’s actions, saying it was fully responsible for them.
Iran wants “retaliatory actions” against Israel
Afghanistan has in the same sense denounced the Israeli raids
In favor of Israel
Barack Obama has called for an end to the violence, while recalling that “Israel has the right to defend itself.”
Ban Ki-moon would have been sent by the UN with the objective of concluding a ceasefire.
Each side is trying to win over the outside world to its cause, especially with the advent of new technologies.
The most eloquent example is materialized in a psychological war on Twitter, to choose the best placed Hashtag in the Trends: while the Israeli supporters tweet #IsraelUnderFire (Israel under fire) or #PillarOfDefense, the Palestinian supporters tweet #GazaUnderAttack (Gaza is attacked).
Similarly, each side posts its own photos of the conflict, to their advantage, on the social networks facebook or twitter. For example, the death of the military chief of Hamas by Tsahal (the Israeli Defense Army) was announced on Twitter.
The region has great religious importance for all Jews, Muslims and Christians: Promised Land for the Jews, Holy Land for the Christians, Sacred Land for the Muslims
The Balfour Declaration provides for the creation of a Jewish national home in Palestine in 1917.
The League of Nations awarded Palestine to Great Britain, which was to administer it for a mandate for several years.
There were two opposing ideas: Zionist demands (to create an Israeli state) and Arab nationalism represented by the Arab League (which wanted to keep its state).
The Zionist claims were exacerbated after the Second World War and the genocide against the Jews.
The UN planned the division of Palestine into two states, for each of the two ideas (a Jewish state and an Arab state). Contested by the Arabs, this project led to a civil war between Jews and Arabs.
Ben Gourion proclaims the constitution of Israel in 1948.
The Arab states in the region attacked Israel.
The Suez Canal affair (1956) reignited the conflict, with Israel allying itself with France and Great Britain against Egypt.
Israel launched the Six Day War, which it won by occupying the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza, the Golan Heights (Syria) and Sinai, a region east of Egypt.
Egypt reacted a few years later with the Yom Kippur War, which Israel won.
In 1978, Egypt and Israel signed the Camp David agreements.
Israel invades Lebanon in 1982 to destroy the PLO, the Palestine Liberation Organization, led by Yasser Arafat (whose death in Paris is currently under investigation, in 2012), and which is forced to retreat to Tunisia.
The Intifada, or war of stones, began in 1987 and lasted until 1993: Palestinians protested against the presence of the Israelis.
The PLO recognized the Israeli state in 1988 while proclaiming the Palestinian state.
In 2000, a second Intifada broke out, resulting in the construction of a wall separating Israel and the West Bank.
In this war where attacks are multiplying, scattered, one of the last episodes dates from December 2008. Operation Cast Lead was organized by Israel to destroy the rocket fire of Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic resistance movement.
where is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the early 2010s?
November 2012: Palestinians located in Gaza fired on Friday on Jerusalem (capital of the State of Israel) and Tel Aviv (1st cities of Israel, where the most Jews in the world live). Israel mobilized in response 75,000 reserve soldiers, launched the “pillar of defense” operation, blocked all main roads leading to Gaza, threatening to launch a ground offensive against Gaza.
June 2014: Israel launches Operation Protective Edge, after the killing of three Jewish teenagers by two Hamas members, and that of a Palestinian shortly after. The losses are considerable, although estimates vary widely.
September 2015: attacks and tensions erupt demonstrations, assassination attempts, rocket fire, use of the air force. By February 2016, the conflict is said to have already resulted in more than 200 deaths – mostly Palestinians – and more than 2,300 injuries – also mostly Palestinians.
For broader explanations of the entire near & Middle East region sees:
→ Understanding the wars in the Near and Middle East: explanations and chronology.