60 dates to know by heart about the world, Europe, and France since 1945

These sixty dates are essential and constitute a base which, of course, must be deepened, completed, and put in relation with a study of the historical facts. Thanks to these dates, you will have the main reference points, and you will be better able to identify and relate the historical knowledge that you need to master during your learning.

Good luck to all and good revision with this timeline.

→ History worksheets: The World, Europe and France from 1945 to the present day

1945 (August): American atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945 (June): creation of the United Nations

1945 (November): MRP-PCF-SFIO tripartite government around de Gaulle in France

1946: resignation of de Gaulle against the “party” regime and new constitution: IV Republic

1947–1989: cold war

1947 (March): Truman’s doctrine and Marshall Plan

1947 (April): creation of the Rassemblement du Peuple Français : RPF

1947: UN outline for the partition of Palestine

1948: birth of Israel and 1st Arab-Israeli war

1949: proclamation of the People’s Republic of China

1950–1953: Korean War

1951: creation of the ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community)

1955–1975: Vietnam War

1955: Bandung Conference

1956: Suez crisis

1957 (March): establishment of the EEC (European Economic Community) and EURATOM (European Atomic Energy Community)

1958: de Gaulle becomes President of the Council and is granted full powers

1958 (September): Referendum on the constitution giving birth to the Fifth Republic (79% yes)

1958–1959: The Great Leap Forward and the Great Famine in China

1961: putsch of the generals in Algiers

1962 (March 18): the Evian agreements marked the end of the Algerian war

1962: Cuban crisis

1963: “Ich bin ein Berliner” — Kennedy

1966–1969: the cultural revolution in China

1967 :6 day war

1968: movements, strikes and demonstrations known as May 68

1969 (June): Georges Pompidou president of France

1973: coup d’état in Chile

1973: Yom Kippur War and 1st oil shock

Tours jumelles World Trade Center à New York
The twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York
before the attack of September 11, 2001,

1974: Valéry Giscard d’Estaing wins the presidential elections by a narrow margin

1975–1990: Civil war in Lebanon

1976–1979: death of Mao Zedong; Deng Xiao Ping begins the transformation of China.

1979: Islamic revolution in Iran

1980–1988: Iran-Iraq war

1981: François Mitterrand was elected President of the Republic in France

1981: the assassination of Anwar Al-Sadat

1986: first cohabitation in France with Jacques Chirac as prime minister

1987: 1st Intifada

1988: François Mitterrand was re-elected President of the Republic in France

1989 (June 4): crushing of the student revolt in Tien Amen

1989 (November 9): fall of the Berlin Wall

1991: Gulf War

1992: referendum on the Maastricht Treaty (51.04% yes)

1991 (December 25): resignation of Gorbachev

1992: intervention in Somalia

1993: Washington’s agreements between Israelis and Palestinians

1995: Jacques Chirac is elected President of the Republic in France

1995: American intervention and end of the war in Bosnia

2000:2nd Intifada

2001: attacks in the United States against the World Trade Center towers and war in Afghanistan

2002: Jacques Chirac was re-elected president against Jean-Marie Le Pen in the second round

2003:1st Chinese taikonaut

2003: American intervention in Iraq, Dominique de Villepin opposes an intervention at the UN Security Council

2005: the referendum on the European constitution fails in France (54.68% of no)

2007: Nicolas Sarkozy was elected President of the French Republic

2008 (August): Olympic Games in Beijing

2008: the election of Barack Obama

2010: Shanghai World Expo

2011: the “Arab Spring

2011 (May 2): the death of Osama bin Laden

2012: the election of François Hollande

2014: summary of the 2014 news

2015: summary of the 2015 news

summary of the 2016 news

2016: the election of Donald Trump

2017: the election of Emmanuel Macron

2017: summary of 2017 news

summary of 2018 news

2019 news summary

2020: COVID becomes pandemic

2022 (February): Russia invades Ukraine

See also:

→ Dates in World History

→ Chronology of the construction of the European Union

One thought on “60 dates to know by heart about the world, Europe, and France since 1945

  1. Good morning. Very good article but didn’t the Vietnam War take place from 1955 to 1975? thank you to enlighten me

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