→ Beginnings of European construction
—the OEEC (Organization for European Economic Cooperation) was created following the Marshall Plan on April 16, 1948
—else Treaty on January 23, 1963, with Konrad Adenauer and de Gaulle – NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), following the Atlantic Pact of April 1949
—the Council of Europe on May 5, 1949 was established in Strasbourg
—influence of Robert Schuman and Jean Monnet for the creation of a European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)
—Charles de Gaulle refuses the United Kingdom the entry in the EEC in January 1963, by reproaching them their Atlanticism with the United States, and in 1967
—Georges Pompidou lifts this veto after his election
—Ratification of the Maastricht Treaty under President Mitterrand in September 1992.
→ Restoration of the Franco-German entente
—rapprochement between Valéry Giscard d’Estain and Helmut Schmidt
—the Paris summit in December 1974 set up a European Council
—European monetary system in 1979
—Single European Act in 1985
→ France and the European Union in the 2000s
—rejection by France on May 29, 2005 of the referendum on the European Constitution (54.87% of votes against)
—Nicolas Sarkozy went to Berlin immediately after his election to meet the German Chancellor Angela Merkel
—The Lisbon Treaty was signed on December 13, 2007.
—French presidency of the European Union for six months from July 1, 2008
—François Hollande meets shortly after his election in 2012 with Chancellor Angela Merkel
—Emmanuel Macron presents in September 2017 his vision of a sovereign, united and democratic European Union in a speech at the Sorbonne.
→ Chronology of European construction
→ 20 sheets of contemporary history (1945–2017)