This short biography of Nicolas Sarkozy summarizes his student career and his political actions.
The student Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy was born on January 28, 1955. He studied at the Lycée Chaptal and the Cours Saint-Louis de Monceau. He joined the UDR party in 1974. In 1976, he joined the new RPR party.
At university, he obtained a master’s degree in private law at the Paris X. Nanterre University. He attended Sciences Po Paris even though he did not graduate, and in 1980 he obtained the certificate of aptitude for the legal profession.
Nicolas Sarkozy’s entry into political life
Married in 1982, Nicolas Sarkozy has two children from this union, Pierre and Jean. He was elected mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1983 and remained in office until 2002.
→ Who went to Sciences Po?
In 1987, he created in collaboration with a law firm: Leibovici – Claude – Sarkozy. A deputy for Hauts-de-Seine in 1988, he then joined the government as Minister of the Budget in the Édouard Balladur government on March 30, 1993, and spokesman. He was re-elected as a deputy in 1995. He married the following year with Cécilia Ciganer-Albéniz, and had a child, Louis.
In 2002, Nicolas Sarkozy returned to the government, this time as Minister of the Interior. During the 2004 reshuffle, he inherited the Ministry of Economy and Finance. He returned to the Ministry of the Interior in June 2005.
Nicolas Sarkozy at the top of the State
His career took a new dimension when he ran for president in 2007. Elected in May 2007, he succeeded Jacques Chirac. Measures and reforms under the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy.
In 2008, he married the singer Carla Bruni, with whom he has a child in 2011.
In 2012, he ran again for president against François Hollande, but was defeated in the second round.
→ Short biography of François Hollande
On December 2, 2014, Nicolas Sarkozy became for the second time in his life president of the UMP, a political party that transformed on May 30, 2015, and became Les Républicains.
In August 2016, Nicolas Sarkozy announced his candidacy for the Republican primary for the presidential election held the following year, but he was eliminated in the first round of this primary, defeated by Alain Juppé and even more by François Fillon.
→ Short biography of Alain Juppé
The withdrawal from political life and the affairs
He remains since then a personality appreciated by right-wing sympathizers, and only remotely influences political life under the mandate of President Macron. His name sometimes comes up in the news mainly because of judicial cases: in2021, a dismissal has already been pronounced in the Woerth-Bettencourt affair, and he is spared by the affair of the Elysee polls.
However, several cases are still pending, in particular: the Sarkozy-Gaddafi affair (he is accused of having financed his 2007 presidential campaign with money from the Libyan leader Gaddafi), theBygmalion affair (he is accused of having concealed overruns in the financing of his 2012 campaign), and the wiretapping affair (he is accused mainly of corruption towards a magistrate).
→ Short Biography François Hollande