V. D. France’s cultural influence

→ The French welfare state: new economic models

—birth rate (2.6 children per woman), Vichy’s natalist policy, baby boom
—demographic increase (13 million more men from 1946 to 1976)
—young population: 1/3 of the population was less than 20 years old during the ’60s
—French economic growth from 1950 to 1975
—Taylorism (separation between manual and intellectual work, parceling out of tasks) and Fordism (division of labor, standardization)
—role of the French state increased through aid to companies, opening up to foreign countries

→ Schooling, urbanization, and cultural policy in France

—the baby-boom leads to a strong increase in the number of schoolchildren
—increase in the number of students: 128,000 to 500,000 baccalaureate holders from 1950 to 1968
—the Habs law instituted the unique college in 1975
—rural exodus, massive arrival of immigrants, development of suburbs and low-income housing
—André Malraux, Minister of Culture from 1959 to 1969
—Jack Lang, Minister of Culture from 1988 to 1992

→ The consumer society and the evolution of morals

—development of the automobile: Renault’s 4 CV in 1946, Citroën’s 2 CV in 1948
—more and more French people went on vacation, which opened up to the middle class
—creation of Europe 1 in 1955
—the television extends from 9% of the homes to 86% from 1958 to 1975 in France
—television news in 1949, an offer of satellite packages in 1996
—development of a mass culture
—fall of the religious practice, Vatican II council from 1962 to 1965
—Simone de Beauvoir published The Second Sex in 1949, Neuwirth law in 1967 on contraception, and the Veil law in 1975 on abortion

→ 20 contemporary history cards (1945–2017)

One thought on “V. D. France’s cultural influence

  1. Hello, Thank you very much for your quality work. On the other hand here it seems to me that the title the cultural influence of France is not very relevant. The sheet refers more to the chapter Economy, Society and Culture in France since 1945.

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